Certainly in the Canadian context, Antimicrobial Stewardship is a public service.
public service noun
- : the business of supplying a commodity (as electricity or gas) or service (as transportation) to any or all members of a community
- : a service rendered in the public interest
It fulfills both of these dictionary definitions perfectly. Stewardship programs provide a service to members of communities — The community of healthcare providers to aid in their provision of care and to the community at large to provide the ongoing benefits of the availability of effective antimicrobials. This is very much in the public interest.
More established public services such as the police, fire fighting and waste removal are easy to conceptualize and understand. Others such as fisheries and forest management are more difficult. Few would dispute that the management of common resources is important, however. Common to all are several elements.
Could the Department of Fisheries perform its’ functions without information? Of course not. Just as information about fish stocks is necessary to define sustainable fish harvest quotas, information is necessary to manage antibiotics. Fortunately, much of the information needed to manage antibiotic use is readily available. Millions of susceptibility tests are performed and all antibiotics distributed for human use are under prescription and have records associated. We haven’t yet done a good job of collation, redistribution and display but it is only a small amount of idea and resource away.
Nothing ever prospers as a “side of the desk” endeavour. Why would Antimicrobial Stewardship be any different? It needs dedicated thoughtful people with appropriate skill sets – just like anything else. The good news is that evaluations of established AS programs have shown cost savings even after taking account the increased expenditures on manpower. Antimicrobials have been so poorly managed that there is much wasted resource. There is a large potential to turn misused antimicrobials into excellent, well-paid, stable jobs for Canadians.
Policies and Procedures
Policies are informed by principles and guide procedures. Goal statements and metrics for evaluation are central. Nothing unusual about this. However, this is new in Canada and much trial and error is to be expected. The principles should be firmly established but procedures will necessarily be diverse as Canadian health delivery is diverse.
The cornerstone of sustainability. All established conservation programs become easier to enact as the benefits are recognized by more and more people. They become the norm.
Canada is poised for a Antimicrobial Stewardship revolution. We have the enthusiasm, the people and the need. We just need some structure.